Your first step to recovery

The myth about foot pronation (flat foot)

Myth: Foot pronation(flat foot) is the enemy.

Quest - Article - Surgery Sometimes, Bracing Often, Caution Always |  Muscular Dystrophy Association

In the foot, pronation should occur naturally when the foot comes into contact with the ground. Pronation will appear as the foot rolling inward and the arch flattening.

What are the benefits?

  • Dissipates the force that the foot receives from the ground

  • Allows the foot to become a stable and mobile adaptor to enhance movement opportunity

  • Loads the muscles of the extensor chain (calf, quads, glutes) to convert ground reaction forces into forward momentum so we can propel efficiently.

So why have I been told this is bad?

So as you are now aware, pronation is very normal and a critical movement to ensure we move and propel ourselves forward efficiently.

What you may have heard someone say to you is that you ‘overpronate’?

Firstly, overpronation is subjective and not as black and white as it is sometimes made out to be. Overpronation has be defined as: ‘a foot that rolls inward toward the arch excessively’.

Foot Pronation: Underpronation & overpronation explained- The Foot Clinic

What we must understand is that a pronation can only happen when the foot has a stable tripod on the ground. This means that the calcaneus (heel bone), 1st metatarsal (big toe knuckle), 5th metatarsal (little toe knuckle) must all remain in contact when the foot rolls inwards and the arch flattens.

The Foot Tripod - Fix Flat Feet

So, If you have been told you are ‘overpronated’ , it is most likely that your whole foot is ‘everting’ NOT ‘overpronating’.

What is Eversion?

Eversion can be defined as: ‘the process of turning inside-out’.

In pronation your heel must naturally ‘evert’ (sole of the heel will move away from the midline of the body) NOT your whole foot.

If your ‘whole foot’ everts (turns out) you will no longer have a stable foot tripod as the 5th metatarsal (little toe) will lose contact with the ground.

The key to ensuring this does not happen is to provide an environment for the bones of the midfoot (middle of the foot) and forefoot (toes) to experience the opposite motion to that of the heel. This will mean that the foot has an opportunity to truly pronate with a tripod on the ground.



So how can you help me do that?

  • At Physio fusion we can help you to bring your own body into alignment and create an environment in which the healing can begin

  • Foot strengthening exercises

  • Footwear advice

  • Referral to other healthcare specialists for further assistance (e.g. podiatrists)

To find your nearest Physio Fusion clinic and book an appointment call 09 6266186 or visit our website https://physiofusion.co.nz

How to stay Healthy and Sane during Lockdown


The restrictions and change brought by the outbreak of COVID-19 has resulted in a great deal of control being taken from our hands; this has been anxiety provoking for many of us. Nevertheless, it’s important to re-evaluate, acknowledge and place focus upon the matters that we DO have control over so that we can gain our personal power back!


Lockdown Productivity Tips



Check in with yourself: how is your body and mind feeling. Embrace your emotions and give yourself permission to feel the way toy do.

:large_blue_diamond: Stay connected: Social connection is inevitably limited at the moment but catching up with people via text or facetime will help prevent feelings of isolation.

:large_blue_diamond: Maintain some form of routine: Maintaining a routine helps provide some structure do days which often all seem to merge into one.

:large_blue_diamond: Get fresh air where possible: Daily fresh air can provide an easy change of scenery when we are stuck at home most of the day.

:large_blue_diamond: Gentle exercise is a MUST!

:large_blue_diamond: Stay Hydrated: Drinking enough water is important to keep your body hydrated and makes sure your body functions properly.

:large_blue_diamond: Eat well- You’d be surprised how your diet can affect how you feel. Gut health in particular is linked to mental health.

:large_blue_diamond: Get to that “thing” you’ve been delaying for months

:large_blue_diamond: Pick up a good book

:large_blue_diamond: Learn new habits or rediscover old ones

:sparkles: These may seem like simple strategies but sometimes it’s the simple things that are most effective :sparkles:

“One day this will all be over and we will be grateful for life in ways we never felt possible”

The gratitude we will have for the things we once took for granted will be unmeasurable- getting on a plane, an impromptu visit to the cinema, a shopping spree, going to the gym, even meeting a friend for lunch at a café. Keep going, nothing lasts forever and we have so much to look forward to. In the mean time take each day as it comes, be kind, support those who are struggling and keep going! You are stronger and more resilient than you know!


Exercise not only changes your body. It changes your mind, your attitude and your mood

We all have days where we plan to do our workouts and we know we should however when it’s time to put your shoes on and go… You simply just don’t want to go.

How many times have you said this to yourself?

  • I don’t feel like exercising
  • I’m too tired to exercise
  • I’ve lost my motivation to exercise
  • I’m not in the mood to exercise

What if we told you that exercise is not just about burning calories, regular exercise plays a vital role in cognitive function and mental acuity which helps support a positive outlook on life.

What we know about Exercise and Mood

Research has long supported the benefits of exercise, from weight control to reducing the risks of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and even cancer. Regular exercise strengthens our muscles, bones, increases your flexibility and helps you stay fit and active for longer.

What can exercise do for my mood? Exercise can have an enormous impact on your mood. In fact, it is thought that exercise can be just as effective as anti-depressants in treating mild-to-moderate depression.

What we do know is:

  • Exercise can help treat people with depression who have partially responded to anti-depressants
  • both aerobic exercise (such as walking, cycling or running) and strength training (such as weight lifting) can help treat depression
  • Improved mood
  • Improved self-esteem
  • Reduced stress as well as an improved ability to cope with stress
  • Improved confidence in your physical abilities
  • Builds your coping and resilience
  • Can help distract from negative thoughts
  • Gives you a sense of accomplishment

Exercise and Depression

As mentioned previously, studies show that exercise can treat mild to moderate depression as effectively as antidepressant medication a recent study done by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health found that running for 15 minutes a day or walking for an hour reduces the risk of major depression by 26%. In addition to relieving depression symptoms, research also shows that maintaining an exercise schedule can prevent you from relapsing.

Exercise and Anxiety

Exercise is a natural and effective anti-anxiety treatment. It relieves tension and stress, boosts physical and mental energy, and enhances well-being through the release of endorphins. A systematic review by Aylett, E., Small, N. & Bower, 2018 assessed the use of exercise versus waiting list control groups in the treatment of anxiety and also the benefit of high intensity exercise vs low intensity exercise. The intervention was any aerobic exercise programme carried out for at least two weeks, and the comparison groups were either a waiting list control group or low intensity exercise (stretching/walking). This study concluded that higher intensity exercise have an advantage over lower intensity exercise in bringing about an improvement in anxiety scores. The study also confirmed that exercise represents an effective treatment and should be more available for referral from General Practice.

Exercise and Stress

Studies have found that stress contributes to 50% of all illnesses and that two-thirds of GP visits were for stress-related illnesses. Wang, C., Chan, C.H., Ho, R.T. et al. 2014 conducted a systematic review that assessed examining the effect of exercise on stress reduction or anxiety relief among healthy adult and found that exercise does in fact relieve anxiety and reduce stress. There is a great number of studies that have typically focused on aerobic exercises. There have been consistent findings that people report feeling calmer after a 20- to 30-minutes of aerobic exercise, and the calming effect can last for several hours after exercise.

Exercise and Enhancing Brain Function

Exercise also plays a vital role in improving brain function as it leads to increased blood flow and oxygen to the brain. Exercise can help generate new nerve cells and improve cognition, memory and learning. Regular exercises can even help to prevent Parkinson’s Disease, Stroke and Alzheimer’s Disease (Cotman & Engesser-Cesar, 2002). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is important in brain function, neuronal transmission, and plasticity (Ferris, Williams & Shen, 2007). This process is known as neurogenesis or neuroplasticity. A study conducted by Ferris et al. (2007), studied BDNF to help confirm the relationship between exercise and brain function. Fifteen participants rode a bicycle for 30 minutes, one ride at moderate intensity. After exercise, BDNF values were increased and intensity dependent which supports the positive effect that exercise can have on brain function.

Are you maximizing your exercise routine? Are you unsure if the exercise you’re doing is right? Are you struggling with motivation to get moving again?

If you’re reading this and think any or all mentioned above sounds familiar, then we can definitely help you. Based on specializing in exercise progressions and exercising ourselves, we can help assess, adjust and progress your routine. Everyone’s needs are different so during our consultation with you, we ensure that we draw on the combination that will best serve you. We strive to ensure our clients are performing exercises correctly and efficiently, in order to maximize results.

So, what are you waiting for? Enquire with us to discuss how we can help you get started and achieve your goals!

If you are in a bad mood go for a walk. If you are still in a bad mood go for another walk.


Aylett, E., Small, N. & Bower, P. Exercise in the treatment of clinical anxiety in general practice – a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Health Serv Res 18, 559 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3313-5

Wang, C., Chan, C.H., Ho, R.T. et al. Managing stress and anxiety through qigong exercise in healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC Complement Altern Med 14, 8 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-14-8

Cotman, C.W. & Engesser-Cesar, C. (2002). Exercise enhances and protects brain function. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 30 (2), 75-79.

Ferris, L.T., Williams, J.S., & Shen, C.L. (2007). The effect of acute exercise on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels and cognitive function. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39 (4), 728-734.

Hearing, C. M., Chang, W. C., Szuhany, K. L., Deckersbach, T., Nierenberg, A. A., & Sylvia, L. G. (2016). Physical Exercise for Treatment of Mood Disorders: A Critical Review. Current behavioral neuroscience reports3(4), 350–359. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40473-016-0089-y

Robertson, R., Robertson, A., Jepson, R., & Maxwell, M. (2012). Walking for depression or depressive symptoms: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Mental Health and Physical Activity5( 1), 66– 75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2012.03.002